Dark matter and dark energy are two of the most mysterious and elusive components of the universe. They are believed to make up the majority of the universe's mass, yet we know very little about them. In this article, we will explore what dark matter and dark energy are, how they are related to astronomy, and why they remain so mysterious.Dark matter is a form of matter that does not interact with light or other forms of electromagnetic radiation. This means that it cannot be seen directly, but its presence can be inferred from its gravitational effects on visible matter.
Astronomers believe that dark matter makes up about 85% of the universe's mass, yet we still do not know what it is made of. Some theories suggest that dark matter is composed of exotic particles such as axions or weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs).Dark energy is an even more mysterious component of the universe. It is believed to be responsible for the accelerated expansion of the universe, which was first observed in 1998.Dark energy is thought to make up about 70% of the universe's mass, but its exact nature remains unknown. Some theories suggest that dark energy is a form of vacuum energy or a cosmological constant.The study of dark matter and dark energy is an important part of astronomy.
By studying these mysterious components, astronomers hope to gain a better understanding of the structure and evolution of the universe. For example, by studying how dark matter and dark energy interact with visible matter, astronomers can learn more about how galaxies form and evolve over time.Despite decades of research, dark matter and dark energy remain some of the most mysterious components of the universe. We still do not know what they are made of or how they interact with visible matter. However, by studying these mysterious components, astronomers can gain a better understanding of the structure and evolution of the universe.